Have you been enjoying the cold snap? With the thermometer diving towards zero over the past few weeks, it’s time to think about winter vocabulary. There are many ways to describe a cold day – certainly useful when living in a northern climate! From cool to chilly to freezing, whether the wind is breezy, blustery or gale-force – with or without a downpour – cold weather vocabulary is always handy at this time of year. Read on to explore the English vocabulary you need to talk about the cold weather.
Cold weather can sometimes be a nuisance if it interferes with plans, but sometimes it can feel cosy if you are tucked up inside the warm house. It can feel Christmassy too and a bit of snow always encourages a festive atmosphere.
Read on to explore English cold weather vocabulary so you can deal with any cold weather situation this winter.
Words to describe cold weather
Cool (adj) – mildly cold (cool air can often be pleasantly refreshing)
Chilly (adj) – quite cold
Crisp (adj) – quite cold
Fresh – quite cold
Brisk – cold
Freezing (adj) – very cold
Biting (adj) – extremely cold (e.g. there’s a biting wind)
Bitter (adj) – extremely cold (e.g. it’s bitterly cold)
Harsh – very cold and unpleasant
a cold snap – a period of cold weather
a cold spell – a period of cold weather
Bleak – cold and grey, depressing weather without colour or brightness
Snowy (adj) – when it is snowing
Sleet (noun) – a combination of snow and rain
Frost (noun) – small, sparkling ice crystals that form a thin layer on objects when the temperature is freezing
Icicle (noun) – a pointed column of ice that forms when dripping water freezes.
Vocabulary to describe wind and rain
Winter weather can also mean lots of rain and wind. Here are some useful weather words for rainy or windy days:
drizzle (noun) / drizzly (adj) – very light rain
pouring (verb / adj) – raining very heavily
a downpour (noun) – a short time of very heavy rain
a shower (noun) – a short time of light rain
spitting (verb) – just starting to rain
a breeze (noun ) / breezy (adj) – a light wind, which can be pleasantly refreshing
blowy (adj) – windy
blustery (adj) – very windy, often in short bursts of wind
high winds – very strong winds
North/South/West/East wind – this refers to the direction the wind is blowing from
slush (noun) – when snow starts to melt and turns muddy and ‘slushy’
thaw / melt (verb) – when the snow /ice starts to turn back to water and disappear into the ground
a blizzard (noun) – a snow storm
a storm (noun) / stormy (adj) – very rainy and windy, often with thunder and lightning
a gale (noun) / gale force winds – very strong winds
a hurricane (noun) – a severe storm that is usually destructive
Cold weather vocabulary in conversation
To ask about the weather you can say:
What’s the weather like?
What’s it like out there?
What’s it like outside?
Is it cold out there?
Is it raining?
Is it snowing?
Is it windy?
Did you get caught in the rain?
To talk about cold weather you can say:
‘It’s a bit cold out there’ (often said just after getting in, shutting the door and rubbing your hands together!)
‘It’s a bit chilly today, isn’t it?’
‘It’s a bit breezy’
‘We’re going through a cold snap at the moment’
‘There was a cold spell last week’
‘It’s raining cats and dogs!’ – very heavy rain
‘I was caught in the rain’ it started raining while you were out
‘I got soaked to the skin!’ – to get very wet from the rain
‘There is a blanket of snow on the ground’ – a layer of snow has settled on the ground
‘The snow is settling’ – the snow is staying on the ground without melting
Now you have learned some useful cold weather vocabulary, why not explore hot weather vocabulary for a contrasting weather lesson?
What do you think about cold weather vocabulary?
Have you used any of these cold weather phrases recently?
Do you find any cold weather words interesting or strange?
What slang expressions have you heard used to talk about the cold weather?
Is it freezing where you are?